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  Barrier Birth Control Method

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Birth Control  


Note: Information provided on this page is for reference only, please seek medical assistance when in doubt

Term Barrier in birth control refers to various protective devices use to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Barrier contraceptives are devices that attempt to prevent pregnancy by physically preventing sperm from entering the uterus. Most common barrier devices are male condoms, female condoms, cervical caps, diaphragms, and contraceptive sponges with spermicide.

Protection by use of barrier devices, such as condoms, depends on its proper use, the cleanliness of surfaces, placing it properly and before any liquid comes out of penis. Studies of latex condom performance during use reported breakage and slippage rates varying from 1.46% to 18.60%. Condoms must be put on before any bodily fluid could be exchanged.

Condoms (male or female) are also used to protect against STIs, and used with other forms of contraception to improve contraceptive effectiveness. For example, simultaneously using both the male condom and spermicide applied separately is believed to reduce pregnancy rates to those seen among implant users. However, if two condoms are used simultaneously like male condom on top of male condom, or male condom inside female condom, this increases the chance of condom failure and thus should be avoided

Male condom are most frequently made of latex, and can also be made out of synthetic materials including polyurethane it covers the penis during sexual activity while the female condoms are inserted into the vagina prior to intercourse.

Female condoms are made of two flexible polyurethane rings and a loose-fitting polyurethane sheath. According to laboratory testing, female condoms are more effective in preventing the leakage of body fluids and also in transmission of STIs and HIV. Research has shown that structural integrity of polyurethane female condoms is not damaged during up to five uses if it is disinfected with water and household bleach. However, regardless of this study, specialists still recommend that female condoms be used only once and then discarded.

Male condoms and the diaphragm with spermicide have typical use first-year failure rates of 18% and 12%, respectively. With perfect use condoms are more effective with a 2% first-year failure rate versus a 6% first-year rate with the diaphragm. Condoms have the additional benefit of helping to prevent the spread of some sexually transmitted infections such as HIV/AIDS.

Contraceptive sponges combine a barrier with a spermicide. Like diaphragms, they are inserted vaginally before intercourse and must be placed over the cervix to be effective. Typical failure rates during the first year depend on whether or not a woman has previously given birth, being 24% in those who have and 12% in those who have not. The sponge can be inserted up to 24 hours before intercourse and must be left in place for at least six hours afterward.

Note: When latex barriers are used, oil-based lubrication can break down the structure of the latex and reduce the protection it provides.

Birth Control
  Birth Control Overview
  Different method of birth control
  Different contraceptive devices and medications
  Comparison of birth control methods
  Effect on Health
  Effect on family economy

Birth Control Calculators
  Safe Period Calculator
  When is Ovulation (Ovulation Calculator)

Birth Control FAQs
  Birth control and your cycle FAQs
  Birth control and your health FAQs
  Contraceptive Pills FAQs
  Depo Provera (Shot) FAQs
  NuvaRing (Ring) FAQs
  Ortho Evra (Patch) FAQs
  Other Birth Control FAQS
Birth Control Methods
  Abstinence
  Barrier
  Behavioral
  Emergency contraceptive
  Fertility awareness
  Hormonal
  Intrauterine devices
  Lactational amenorrhea
  Sterilization
  Withdrawal

Contraceptive Device & Medications
  Abortion
  Cervical caps
  Condoms
  Contraceptive sponges with spermicide
  Diaphragms
  Emergency contraceptive
  Implants under the skin
  Injections
  Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  Oral pills
  Patches
  Vaginal ring

 

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