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  Intrauterine devices (IUDs)

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Birth Control  


Note: Information provided on this page is for reference only, please seek medical assistance when in doubt

Intrauterine device (IUD or coil) is a small contraceptive device, often 'T'-shaped, containing either copper or levonorgestrel, which is inserted into the uterus. They are one form of long-acting reversible contraception which is the most effective types of reversible birth control. Failure rates with the copper IUD is about 0.8% while the levonorgestrel IUD is 0.2% in the first year of use. Among types of birth control, they along with birth control implants result in the greatest satisfaction among users. IUDs are the most widely used form of reversible contraception, with more than 180 million users worldwide.

Evidence supports effectiveness and safety in adolescents and those who have and have not previously had children. IUDs do not affect breastfeeding and can be inserted immediately after delivery. They may also be used immediately after an abortion. Once removed, even after long term use, fertility returns to normal immediately.

While copper IUDs may increase menstrual bleeding and result in more painful cramps hormonal IUDs may reduce menstrual bleeding or stop menstruation altogether. Other potential complications include expulsion (25%) and rarely perforation of the uterus (less than 0.7%).

Birth Control
  Birth Control Overview
  Different method of birth control
  Different contraceptive devices and medications
  Comparison of birth control methods
  Effect on Health
  Effect on family economy

Birth Control Calculators
  Safe Period Calculator
  When is Ovulation (Ovulation Calculator)

Birth Control FAQs
  Birth control and your cycle FAQs
  Birth control and your health FAQs
  Contraceptive Pills FAQs
  Depo Provera (Shot) FAQs
  NuvaRing (Ring) FAQs
  Ortho Evra (Patch) FAQs
  Other Birth Control FAQS
Birth Control Methods
  Abstinence
  Barrier
  Behavioral
  Emergency contraceptive
  Fertility awareness
  Hormonal
  Intrauterine devices
  Lactational amenorrhea
  Sterilization
  Withdrawal

Contraceptive Device & Medications
  Abortion
  Cervical caps
  Condoms
  Contraceptive sponges with spermicide
  Diaphragms
  Emergency contraceptive
  Implants under the skin
  Injections
  Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  Oral pills
  Patches
  Vaginal ring

 

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